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El Salvador realizat independenţa din Spania în 1821 şi din America Centrală Federaţia în 1839. Un război civil 12 ani, care a costat aproximativ 75.000 de vieţi, a fost adus la o strânsă în 1992 când rebelii Guvernului şi de stânga au semnat un tratat care a furnizat pentru reforme politice şi militare.


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People And Society

Nationality
Noun Salvadoran(s)
Adjective Salvadorian

Ethnic groups
Mestizo 90%, alb 9%, 1% amerindiene

Languages
Spaniolă (oficial), Nahua (printre unele Amerindians)

Religions
Romano-catolice 57,1%, protestanţi 21,2%, Martorii lui Iehova martori 1,9%, Mormon 0,7% alte religii 2,3%, nici unul 16.8% (2003 est.)

Population
6,090,646 (July 2012 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years
30.6% (male 953,842/female 905,688)
15-64 years
63% (male 1,802,113/female 2,021,191)
65 years and over
6.4% (male 173,363/female 215,577) (2011 est.)

Median age
Total 24.7 years
Male 23.4 years
Female 26.2 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate
0.303% (2012 est.)

Birth rate
Naşteri/1,000 17.44 populaţiei (2012 est.)

Death rate
5.63 decese/1.000 populaţiei (iulie 2012 est.)

Net migration rate
-8.78 migrant(s) / 1000 populaţie (2012 est.)

Urbanization
Urban population
64% din totalul populaţiei (2010)
Rate of urbanization
1,4% rata anuală de schimbare (2010-15 est.)

Major cities - population
SAN SALVADOR (capitala) 1.534 milioane (2009)

Sex ratio
At birth 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.8 male(s)/female
Total population
0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate
81 decese/100.000 născuţi vii (2010)

Infant mortality rate
Total
19.66 decese/1.000 născuţi vii
Male
21.73 decese/1.000 născuţi vii
Female
17.5 decese/1.000 născuţi vii (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population 73.69 years
Male 70.41 years
Female 77.12 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate
2.04 copii născut/femeie (2012 est.)

Health expenditures
3.9% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density
Medicii 1.596/1000 populaţie (2008)

Hospital bed density
Paturi/1000 1.1 populație (2009)

Hiv/aids - adult prevalence rate
0.8% (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - people living with hiv/aids
34,000 (2009 est.)

Hiv/aids - deaths
1,400 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk High
Food or waterborne diseases
Diareea bacteriana, hepatita A şi febră tifoidă
Vectorborne diseases Febră Dengue
Water contact disease Leptospiroza (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight
6.1% (2003)

Education expenditures
3.6% of GDP (2008)

Literacy
Definition
Varsta 15 şi de peste poate citi și scrie
Total population 81.1%
Male 82.8%
Female 79.6% (recensământ 2007)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
Total 12 years
Male 12 years
Female 12 years (2008)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
Total 11.4%
Male 13%
Female 8.3% (2007)


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El Salvador (San Salvador):
Country Flag
Country Locator

Puncte GPS din El Salvador (San Salvador)

square Loma Los Arbaisa Departamento De San Miguel

square Canton Portillo Departamento De La Union

square Caserio La Cabana Departamento De San Salvador

square Concepcion Batres Departamento De Usulutan

square Canton Paraiso Departamento De Usulutan

square Loma Potrerillos Departamento De La Libertad

square Canton El Tigre Departamento De Ahuachapan

square Municipio De Nueva San Salvador Departamento De La Libertad




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